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Background

The government of KPK has shown great interest and concern regarding various aspects pertaining to Gomal Zam dam after its completion. The government’s main interests are to derive maximum socio-economic benefits for the people of the command area and the economic sustainability of the project itself. In order to achieve these progressive goals, a proper mechanism involving detailed research needs to be adopted.
USAID has shown great interest and desire to help the provincial government by sponsoring the costs incurred on the preparatory research work involved in identification of these issues and their solutions prior to completion of Gomal Zam dam with a view to enhance the socio-economic conditions of this backward area.
The secretary P & D, KPK, has already held meetings with the stakeholders and has formed a sub-committee to examine all issues individually and find out solutions and place its recommendations before the next steering committee sometimes in the last week of this month.
The provincial government of KPK is aware of the RIPORT’s professional expertise in policy research and advocacy based on surveys and the implementation plans. The secretary P & D supports RIPORT’s idea of holding forum meeting on Gomal Zam project and believes that this will help to a great extent in understanding the core concerns and pulse of the beneficiaries involved

Introduction

Gomal Zam Dam (Multipurpose project) is situated at Khajuri Kachh in South Waziristan Agency, about 100 kms from Tank in Tank district of KPK.
The dam’s planned provision is to store water of rivers Gomal, the Zhob and Wana Toi ensuring continuous water supply both for irrigation and drinking purposes, besides power generation in the second phase. The main project objectives are listed below:

  1. Irrigation leading to development of Agriculture and afforestation in approximate area of 231,893 acres of land
  2. Fodder cultivation resulting in livestock development
  3. Fish cultivation
  4. Serve as a flood protection dam and control flashy floods
  5. Betterment of socio-economic conditions in a backward area of country resulting in betterment of law and order situations
  6. Conserving and ameliorating the environment

WAPDA is the executing agency for implementation of the Gomal Zam dam and it is expected that the first phase of the project shall be completed in couple of years.

While a formalized relationship between the government and the stakeholders is expected to enable an alignment of beneficial goals and socio-economic growth for the command area as a whole, considerable preparatory and analytical work is required before the Gomal dam is completed. USAID recognizes the necessity of preparatory work essential for the realization of objectives and has shown interest in sponsoring the expenditure for the cause.
USAID proposes to implement the program through professionals in the field and recommends RIPORT for completion of goals.

RIPORT will hire consultants and staff who are well versed in economic policies, researches, regulatory frameworks, reform specialists, engineers and other relevant fields including media exposure. The facilitation services unit will be based at RIPORT Peshawar and will cover the command area of the project through regular visits and meeting the stakeholders and other concerned people. The sub-operational office will be hired in DIKhan.

Proposed Project Beneficiaries

Since RIPORT will make policy recommendations, their adoption will benefit a sizable population of district Tank & DIKhan.
The project will benefit all the men, women and children of the targeted area in the long run and for many years to come.
Approximately two million people will directly benefit from the project.

Project Rationale

People of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) & Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) exist at a very low equilibrium of existence and have some of the lowest development indicators anywhere in Pakistan. More than 30% of the population lives on or below the poverty line; FATA being even worse off than KPK. It is also a region that is in the midst of a serious security crisis emanating out of the post 9/11.

The pressures from militants and other challenges of the state have weakened the writ of the state and it is in retreat. Many plans are underway to re-establish governance. One of the major efforts underway is to provide capacity building at different levels including civil society and the security services.

One of the reasons for the lack of adequate policy responses in different areas is the absence of focus and a research deficit in civil society of KPK & FATA to provide alternative policy proposals to society and the governance.

Gomal Zam Dam (multipurpose project) headwork is situated at KhajuriKachh in South Waziristan Agency, about 100kms from Tank district of KPK. WAPDA is the executing agency for implementation of the Gomal Zam project and it is expected that its first phase will be completed in about 18 months. The construction activities are undertaken by WAPDA. However, issues related to water rights, creation of water users association and community agreement on irrigation intensity and cropping pattern in the command area still need to be finalized. These and related issues of sustainability of delivery of irrigation services still need to be worked out. If such matters are not given attention, they may lead to severe problems after the completion of the first phase. Timely solutions to the expected problems must be presented so that actions based on consultation with communities and research is undertaken in consultation with them and other stakeholders including the govt. line departments.

The following problems have been identified so far by pre-examining from various sources by RIPORT:

  1. Water intensity issue- There are three intensities vis-à-vis 120% in the head reach, 80% in the middle and 60 % in the tail, whereas in all other parts of Pakistan including KPK a standard has been followed by adopting 86.5 % cropping intensity. This problem has been pointed out by the Provincial Irrigation Department 
  2. There are water right issues
  3. There are Water management issues
  4. The project needs land leveling and reclamation
  5. Erosion control mechanism not in place
  6. Adoption of relevant cropping patterns based upon research yet to be undertaken
  7. Development of canals for on-farm water management
  8. Provision of drinking water
  9. Irrigation system development not based on communities
  10. Top-down “old approach” being adopted
  11. Limited stakeholders consultation
  12. Alternate dispute mechanism not formalized
  13. Existing policies/laws are being partially implemented

 

Other issues will be highlighted and identified once the full fledged activity starts.

Project Objectives

Objective No. 1:

To establish a forum for consultations with key stakeholders including govt., communities at the provincial as well as project level


Objective No. 2:

Research, identify and highlight key issues


Objective No. 3:

Propose an institutional setup/governance system for effective management of Gomal Zam Dam irrigation system


Objective No. 4:

Building consensus on the proposed governance structure


Objective No. 5:

Assist the GoKP in policy reforms to implement the proposed governance structure


Objective No. 6:

Devise guidelines for water user rights keeping in view sustainability of the water distribution and agriculture system in GZD command area

Proposed Project Beneficiaries

Since RIPORT will make policy recommendations, their adoption will benefit a sizable population of district Tank & DIKhan.
The project will benefit all the men, women and children of the targeted area in the long run and for many years to come.
Approximately two million people will directly benefit from the project.

Post-Project Management & Sustainability of the Project Benefits

RIPORT intends to highlight all the issues that are expected in the future after the completion of the first phase of the Gomal Zam project by conducting a detailed research based on survey, focus group discussions, meetings with key informants and the communities, and then producing policy papers for the govt. of KPK and stakeholders so that they may take action accordingly for the resolution of conflicts/issues or introduce reforms for the amelioration of the problems.
The following will be project deliverables:

  1. Identification & creation of community organizations for future interaction for CA (Command Area) development proposals
  2. Preparation of a preliminary report based on interaction with the stakeholders
  3. Presentation of community proposals on sustainability of the on-farm delivery of irrigation water system (OFWM)
  4. A report on the optimum cropping pattern for the CA
  5. Identification of areas for further regulation/legislation to optimize the CA
  6. Policy recommendations for further reforms in CA in livestock, OFWM, cropping pattern
  7. Using stratcom messaging through development of radio content to assist in building of support for the interventions through this project.
  8. Final report on creating long term sustainability of the project through Gomal Zam Forum that will include as members of the communities/govt/Civil Society/Agr University etc

The submission of the above deliverables will create the rationale for government investment in the CA and will assist in the long term sustainability of the project.

Project Implementation Plan

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